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13/09/2016 - Comte.Mário Mendonça

Convenção sobre Água de Lastro entrará em vigor em 8 de Setembro de 2017

Após mais de 35 anos de estudos e discussões, finalmente a Convenção Internacional para o Controle e o Gerenciamento da Água de Lastro e Sedimentos dos Navios entrará em vigor na próxima 6ª feira, dia 08 de setembro.

Com o propósito de proporcionar segurança e confiança na aplicação da Convenção, auxiliando as companhias de navegação, armadores e operadores, bem como as indústrias de construção naval e de fabricação de equipamentos; e considerando o longo tempo transcorrido desde a adoção da Convenção (2004), o que resultou em incerteza para os navios em relação à aplicação da Regra B-3, que especifica as datas para o atendimento dos requisitos das Regras D-1 (Troca da água de lastro) e D-2 (Tratamento da água de lastro), o Comitê de Proteção ao Meio Ambiente Marinho da IMO (MEPC), em sua 71ª Sessão, aprovou um cronograma apropriado para a implementação das regras D-1 e D-2, após a entrada em vigor da Convenção (MEPC 71/17/Add.1, annex 2).

Entretanto, como qualquer emenda à Convenção só pode ser feita após a Convenção entrar em vigor, o Comitê aprovou a Resolução MEPC. 287(71) em que resolve, não obstante o cronograma estabelecido na Regra B-3 da Convenção, que as Partes devem implementar o Regra B-3 alterada (MEPC 71/17/Add.1, annex 2) imediatamente após a entrada em vigor da Convenção, com o objetivo de evitar a criação de um regime de duplo tratado durante o período entre a entrada em vigor da Convenção e a entrada em vigor do Regra B-3 alterada, que somente poderá ser adotada por ocasião da 72ª Sessão do Comitê, que será realizada em abril de 2018.

MEPC 71/17/Add.1

ANNEX 2

DRAFT AMENDMENTS TO REGULATION B-3 OF THE BWM CONVENTION
(Ballast water management for ships)

Annex

Regulation for the control and management of ships' ballast water and sediments

Section B – Management and control requirements for ships

Regulation B-3
Ballast water management for ships

The text of the regulation B-3 is replaced with the following:

"1        A ship constructed before 2009:

.1         with a ballast water capacity of between 1,500 and 5,000 cubic metres, inclusive, shall conduct ballast water management that at least meets the standard described in regulation D-1 or regulation D-2 until the renewal survey described in paragraph 10, after which time it shall at least meet the standard described in regulation D-2;

.2         with a ballast water capacity of less than 1,500 or greater than 5,000 cubic metres shall conduct ballast water management that at least meets the standard described in regulation D-1 or regulation D-2 until the renewal survey described in paragraph 10 after which time it shall at least meet the standard described in regulation D-2.

2          A ship constructed in or after 2009 and before 8 September 2017 with a ballast water capacity of less than 5,000 cubic metres shall conduct ballast water management that at least meets the standard described in regulation D-2 from the date of the renewal survey described in paragraph 10.

3          A ship constructed in or after 2009, but before 2012, with a ballast water capacity of 5,000 cubic metres or more shall conduct ballast water management in accordance with paragraph 1.2.

4          A ship constructed in or after 2012 and before 8 September 2017 with a ballast water capacity of 5,000 cubic metres or more shall conduct ballast water management that at least meets the standard described in regulation D-2 from the date of the renewal survey described in paragraph 10.

5          A ship constructed on or after 8 September 2017 shall conduct ballast water management that at least meets the standard described in regulation D-2.

6          The requirements of this regulation do not apply to ships that discharge ballast water to a reception facility designed taking into account the Guidelines developed by the Organization for such facilities.

7          Other methods of ballast water management may also be accepted as alternatives to the requirements described in paragraphs 1 to 5 and paragraph 8, provided that such methods ensure at least the same level of protection to the environment, human health, property or resources, and are approved in principle by the Committee.

8          A ship constructed before 8 September 2017 to which the renewal survey described in paragraph 10 does not apply, shall conduct ballast water management that at least meets the standard described in regulation D-2 from the date decided by the Administration, but not later than 8 September 2024.

9          A ship subject to paragraphs 2, 4 or 8 will be required to comply with either regulation D-1 or regulation D-2, until such time as it is required to comply with regulation D-2.

10       Notwithstanding regulation E-1.1.2, the renewal survey referred to in paragraphs 1.1, 1.2, 2 or 4 is:

.1         the first renewal survey as determined by the Committee following the date of entry into force of the Convention if:

.1         this survey is completed on or after 8 September 2019; or

.2         a renewal survey is completed on or after 8 September 2014 but prior to 8 September 2017; and

.2         the second renewal survey as determined by the Committee following the date of entry into force of the Convention if the first renewal survey following the date of entry into force of the Convention is completed prior to 8 September 2019, provided that the conditions of paragraph 10.1.2 are not met."

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